Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (2022)

By choosing the best pepper companion planting combinations you will increase your chances of enjoying the biggest and tastiest homegrown crop of this popular vegetable.

Companion planting is an age-old method for getting the most out of your vegetable plot. Although the science doesn’t always agree, many gardeners swear by it to deter pests and get the best harvest possible from their plants as part of their vegetable garden ideas.

Pepper companion planting is a useful method when learning how to grow bell peppers, as well as jalapeño peppers, whether you live in a hardiness zone where they can be grown outdoors, or are growing them under cover as part of your food to grow in a greenhouse.

Pepper companion planting

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (1)

(Image credit: Unsplash)

'Pepper companion planting can be an organic way to protect your crops from pests or it could help improve pollination of fruit andvegetablecrops,' says Sue Sanderson, horticultural executive at Thompson & Morgan (opens in new tab). It is a recommended practice for those interested in permaculture gardening and can help you on your way to creating a sustainable garden with less need for manmade pest controls.

When it comes to companion planting peppers, you have two things to think about. First, what sort of pepper are you planting – is it a sweet bell pepper or a spicy jalapeño? Each of these will offer different benefits and pest fighting qualities to different companions – so it's important to bear this in mind when planning a kitchen garden.

Second, it is key to consider the climate. In some regions, peppers can be planted outside but for the majority of places, pepper plants will need to be grown under glass when you are planning a greenhouse to mimic the temperatures they would enjoy in the hot climates from which they originate, or as vegetable garden container ideas so they can be grown in the sunniest and warmest spots. It is therefore vital that any companion plants will thrive in the same hotter conditions, so pick your plants and plan when to plant vegetables with this in mind.

Pepper companion planting – with vegetables

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (2)

(Image credit: Hartley Botanic)

There are many vegetables that make good pepper companion plants.

Whatever plants you choose, 'make sure not to plant them too close to your peppers so that the companions don't shade them, as peppers like sun,' says Idelle Fisher,garden blogger at Sandia Seed (opens in new tab).

(Video) 4 Tips For a Huge PEPPER Harvest

Growing beets is a common choice when pepper companion planting. This pairing is particularly recommended if you are growing your peppers outdoors and don't want to use up valuable greenhouse space on hardy veg. The root vegetable helps to prevent weeds, while its low-level leaves help to keep the soil shaded, reducing evaporation. This creates a cool and moist environment in which the peppers can then thrive.

If you know how to grow carrots you'll be aware they grow deep in the soil with minimal foliage above the ground. Pepper companion planting therefore works well as it disturbs the soil, helping to control weeds. The carrots also provide a living mulch that improves the growth of the pepper.

If you are growing aubergines, or eggplant, they require the same growing conditions as peppers, so thrive when planted together. Rob Velseboer from Organic Edible Garden (opens in new tab) recommends 'companion planting peppers and chillis with eggplants for biodiversity, pairing with nasturtium and marigolds in and around them to attract beneficial insects.'

(Image credit: Getty Images)

Onions don’t take up much room which is at a premium when it comes to pepper companion planting. 'Their strong smell means that they naturally deter aphids, rabbits and other pests – plus when harvested, they taste great with peppers,' says Sandia Seed's Idelle Fisher. This makes peppers good for onion companion planting.

For small vegetable garden ideas, growing asparagus is a great for saving space when pepper companion planting. When the peppers are small they do not compete with the asparagus, then once the asparagus is harvested in the spring, the growing peppers can commandeer the space. That's two crops for the price of one.

Dwarf French beans are highly beneficial as pepper companion plants. 'Planting dwarf French beans in front of peppers in a greenhouse will fix nitrogen into the soil and feed the peppers, giving better harvests' says Rob Smith horticultural expert at Organic Garden Catalogue (opens in new tab).

Spinach and lettuce are great for pepper companion planting as they're low growing. This means they don't shade peppers, letting them enjoy most of the sunshine, but will also provide ground cover and keep out weeds that will compete with the peppers for nutrients.

Pepper companion planting – with herbs

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (4)

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

Just like with vegetables, there are lots of herbs that are great pepper companion plants.

Basil is a favorite pick. 'In Crete, every veg patch is packed with basil, yet they hardly eat it; gardeners there are convinced that basil ups the productivity of aubergines and peppers so they leave it where it is,' says expert plantswoman Sarah Raven (opens in new tab) . Growing basil with peppers is easy to replicate in your own garden.

(Video) 5 Pepper Growing Mistakes to Avoid

'It's worth remembering that basil is not a Mediterranean herb,' says Monty Don in this Gardener's World video (opens in new tab), 'so it likes heat and moisture'. Thankfully, these conditions are very similar to those which enable peppers to flourish, making them great companions. Planting peppers with basil has also been reported to improve the flavor of the peppers come harvest.

Dill is another popular choice for pepper companion planting as it will 'attract beneficial insects,' says Rob Smith.

When planting peppers with herbs, think about next year, too. 'Let some of them bloom as plants for pollinators to feed the native bees and beneficial insects, then you can save the seed for replanting,' advises Idelle Fisher.

Pepper companion planting – with flowers

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (5)

(Image credit: Becky Searle)

Various flowers, as well as looking beautiful, have benefits for pepper companion planting.

Mountain marigold or Tagetes lemmonii is organic gardening expert Jekka McVicar of Jekka's Herb Farm (opens in new tab) top companion plant for peppers as it 'will attract the white fly in the glasshouse to itself, keeping other plants clean'. These are known as sacrificial plants and using trap plants for pest control can be very effective.

Petunias, which are among the best fly repellant plants, make great pepper companion plants. Not only do petunias add a splash of color to the hardest working area of the garden or greenhouse, but they also repel pests, like aphids, as well as attracting pollinators such as bees and hoverflies to your crops.

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (6)

(Image credit: Future)

Growing nasturtiums for pepper companion planting is a great choice, as the flowers act as a trap plant, luring aphids to feast on them rather than your precious peppers.

Geraniums are another trap crop and are also believed to repel Japanese beetles, which when companion planted with peppers helps to protect your crop, too. An added bonus is they are among the best wasp repellant plants – particularly useful if your peppers are planted in a greenhouse.

Jalapeno pepper companion planting

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (7)

(Video) Growing Peppers in the Pacific Northwest

(Image credit: Unsplash)

If you're specifically wondering 'what can I plant next to jalapeño peppers?' then there are lots of options, and many of those that make good companions for bell or sweet peppers, are also good for jalapeños.

Vegetable crops to grow alongside jalapeños include beans, peas, carrots and cucumbers. And therefore in reverse, peppers make good cucumber companion plants, and companions for the rest.

You can plant basil next to jalapeño peppers, which supposedly improves their flavor, as well as other herbs including marjoram, chives, parsley and dill.

Chamomile and marigolds help to deter pests, and have the added benefit of being plants for pollinators.

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (8)

(Image credit: Getty Images)

What can you not plant next to peppers?

There are various plants that you can not plant next to peppers – or at least it is advised that you do not for various reasons.

Fennel – 'Florence fennel is allelopathic to other plants, which means it gives off a chemical that inhibits the growth of neighboring vegetables,' says Thomas Asche, editor of the Organic Edible Garden (opens in new tab). 'When growing fennel, 'we recommend giving the crop a buffer zone of flowers on either side – low-growing varieties though so they don’t shade the plants.'

Strawberries are susceptible to a fungus called verticillium which will cause the strawberries to wilt and fail. 'Do not plant susceptible strawberry cultivars in soil where peppers, as well as other plants, have grown for the past five years.' says Michael A. Ellis from the Department of Plant Pathology at Ohio University (opens in new tab). These plants can encourage verticillium which will destroy strawberries.Practising crop rotation can help avoid soil borne diseases.

Apricot trees, although among the best fruit trees to grow, should never be companion planted with peppers as apricots are susceptible to diseases that pass from peppers. These diseases can stunt the apricot tree's growth, reduce its fruit and ultimately kill the tree.

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (9)

(Video) One Easy Trick To Maximise Your Harvest For Peppers and Tomatoes

(Image credit: Getty Images)

Can you plant two pepper plants together?

Yes two peppers can be planted together – in fact, planting peppers with other peppers will still produce very successful harvests. However, since they are self-pollinating you don't necessarily need more than one plant if you're short of space. Peppers can also be planted with chilli jalapeño peppers.

'Peppers should be spaced at 12-18inch between plants, stem to stem. For larger varieties, more space may be beneficial for easy access while harvesting,' advises Calvin and Crystalyn of Pepper Geek (opens in new tab).

Peppers need room to grow and produce a good crop, so ensure you leave enough space between plants.

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (10)

(Image credit: Getty Images/ NurPhoto)

Can pepper plants be planted next to tomatoes?

While you can grow pepper plants next to tomatoes, they don't make the best tomato companion plants. It's important to bear in mind that growing plant members of the Nightshade or Solacaceae families together can increase the risk that disease will spread among them, especially if they are grown in the same bed after each other.

So, if you have little space, plant them together, allowing the peppers to enjoy the dappled humidity and shade that peppers can offer them, and both to enjoy the similar growing conditions, then rotate next season.

Pepper companion planting – the best plants to grow with peppers for an abundant harvest (11)

(Image credit: Jonathan Buckley/Sarah Raven)

Can you plant bell peppers and jalapeños together?

You can plant jalapeño peppers next to bell peppers or sweet peppers, as they both thrive in similar warm environments.

Companion planting peppers next to jalapeños will also make both plants easier to look after since they need nearly identical care. This will reduce your workload while increasing your harvest.

However, if you intend on collecting the seed, try covering the blossoms with a mesh cloth bag.This is because peppers are very good at cross-pollinating and you may find you end up with hybrid seeds if you don’t keep them separate.

(Video) Companion Planting With Eggplants

Why not plant beans next to peppers?

While experts disagree on whether beans are good for pepper companion planting, Calvin and Crystalyn from Pepper Geeks reassure that, 'although there are arguments for and against growing green beans nearby peppers, we have never had issues with the combination.

Green beans prefer neutral soil, while peppers prefer slightly acidic soil. However, the green beans will tolerate pH levels down to 5.5 and grow just fine. If you are tight on space, and want to grow both peppers and green beans, you likely won’t have any problems,' they add.

FAQs

What plants pair well with peppers? ›

Carrots, cucumbers, radishes, squash, and members of the Allium family all do well when grown in close proximity to peppers. Eggplant, a member of the nightshade family along with peppers, thrives alongside peppers. Spinach, lettuce, and chard are suitable pepper companions.

What should not be planted next to Peppers? ›

Peppers – Pepper plants make good neighbours for asparagus, basil, carrots, cucumbers, eggplant, endive, oregano, parsley, rosemary, squash, Swiss chard, and tomatoes. Never plant them next to beans, Brassicas, or fennel.

How do you grow abundant peppers? ›

Steps to Increase Pepper Plant Yield:
  1. Start your pepper plants indoors.
  2. Use grow lights!
  3. Use the right soil.
  4. Use a big enough pot (for potted plants)
  5. Use the right fertilizer.
  6. Prune your plants.
  7. Optimize sunlight, heat and watering.
14 Jan 2022

Can you plant 2 different pepper plants together? ›

Yes two peppers can be planted together – in fact, planting peppers with other peppers will still produce very successful harvests. However, since they are self-pollinating you don't necessarily need more than one plant if you're short of space.

Do marigolds help pepper plants? ›

We love planting marigolds among our pepper plants and tomato plants. Marigolds also release a substance from their roots that wards off nematodes and eel worms, which target peppers and other veggies in the garden. Nasturtium flowers are also great companions for pepper plants.

Can tomatoes be planted with peppers? ›

Plants that grow well with tomatoes include all the members of the onion family such as chives, onions, and garlic. Their pungent odor is said to deter insect pests. Can you plant tomatoes and peppers together? Peppers, both sweet and hot, are excellent companion plants.

Can you plant peppers in the same place every year? ›

So, don't plant peppers or any of their solanaceous relatives--tomatoes, eggplant, or potatoes--in the same spot this year. From painful experience, I've learned a 3-4 year rotation is best, especially for gardeners who want to maximize production from a small growing area.

Can basil and peppers be planted together? ›

5. Peppers. Basil is doubly effective for peppers, both repelling garden pests and providing dense ground cover. Peppers prefer humidity, and basil works to trap heat and moisture.

Can you plant green beans and bell peppers together? ›

Though there are arguments for and against growing green beans nearby peppers, we have never had issues with the combination. Green beans prefer neutral soil while peppers prefer slightly acidic soil.

Whats the best fertilizer for peppers? ›

While the best pepper plant fertilizer depends on soil condition and the gardener's preference, the top performer is Pepper & Herb Fertilizer 11-11-40 Plus Micro Nutrients. This fertilizer is formulated to provide a balanced ratio of nutrients essential for pepper plants.

What fertilizer do peppers like? ›

The recommended NPK values for peppers is 5-10-10. A fertilizer with 5-10-10 on the label will contain 5% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus, and 10% potassium. One that has 2-10-10 will contain 2% nitrogen but 10% each of phosphorus and potassium.

Is Epsom salt good for pepper plants? ›

Epsom salt can be especially beneficial to vegetable gardens with tomatoes and peppers.

Can I plant 3 pepper plants together? ›

We think it's best to separate them. We like to use 5-7 gallon pots for peppers, as we find that too small of a pot, they dry out too quickly and hinder the growth. Some people plant up to 3 plants per five gallon bucket, but we've found that they won't do as well as if each one had their own bucket.

Do pepper plants like to be crowded? ›

For most varieties, pepper plants should be spaced at 12-18″ (30-46 cm) between plants. Larger varieties can be given slightly more space, but will usually not need more than 18 inches. This spacing will prevent the plants from competing for space both above and below ground.

Can bell peppers and hot peppers be planted together? ›

Yes, you can grow sweet peppers and chili peppers side by side. You often hear the tip that it's important not to grow hot peppers (chili peppers) and sweet peppers (bell peppers) in the same vegetable bed.

Can onions and peppers be planted together? ›

Onions. Onions don't take up a lot of room above the ground, and are said to deter many common insect pests in the garden, such as aphids, slugs, and cabbage worms, making them a good companion plant for peppers.

Can peppers and cucumbers be planted together? ›

Peppers and cucumbers can grow well together. The two plants enjoy similar growing conditions and as cucumber is a vining plant and pepper a bush plant, they shouldn't compete for space. Once you know how to grow bell peppers, try growing your cucumbers vertically up a trellis and place the peppers in front.

Can you plant zucchini and peppers together? ›

Can peppers and zucchini be planted together? Zucchini can offer some shade and ground cover for peppers and the two crops grow well together. Peppers do not add any specific benefit for zucchini, but you can grow both together and have a good crop of both.

Can you plant jalapenos next to bell peppers? ›

You can plant bell peppers and jalapeños next to each other, but cover the blossoms with fine mesh bags if you intend to save the seeds. Peppers readily cross-pollinate and may produce hybrid seeds.

How close can you plant peppers to tomatoes? ›

If you grow several specimens of each type of crop, then give your tomato plants and pepper plants their own rows, and keep the rows separated by about 3 feet. Tomato plants should be spaced about 18 to 24 inches from each other, and pepper plants need about 18 inches of space between them.

How many pepper plants can I put in a container? ›

How many Pepper Plants per Container? We usually plant one pepper plant in each 5 gallon pot, but if you have larger pots you can plant 2-3 peppers depending on the size of the container. It also depends on the variety, some peppers are smaller in size than others.

Will peppers cross pollinate? ›

Though peppers are capable of self-pollination, they often “cross-pollinate” and “outcross.” Cross-pollination occurs when pollen from a plant is transferred to the pistil of a flower of a different plant.

How often do peppers need to be watered? ›

We recommend watering after the soil has dried somewhat. During the longest hottest days of summer, that may be every day. During cooler weather and during spring and fall you may only need to water them every 2-3 days. The best bet is to feel the top layer of soil to see if it's moist, if it is, wait before watering.

Can you plant cilantro with peppers? ›

Coriander and Cilantro: These herbs are great to grow next to Pepper plants, cilantro attracts beneficial insects to gardens while simultaneously it discourages pests such as aphids. Planting cilantro in the shade of pepper plants helps cilantro grow into a lush and bushy plant.

Can you plant peppers and bush beans together? ›

Peppers: Experts disagree on whether peppers and beans can coexist. They both can benefit the soil. However, sometimes the bean vines can spread too aggressively among the pepper plants and choke them.

Can you plant celery with peppers? ›

Tomatoes & Peppers

Pepper plants, tomato plants, and celery all like to grow in similar types of soil and prefer the same environmental growing conditions, so they grow well together without much fuss. Celery prefers shade during the hottest part of the day, and taller plants like tomatoes and peppers will oblige.

Do basil plants grow peppers? ›

Basil and Peppers Companion Planting - YouTube

What should not be planted near beans? ›

Beans are considered allelopathic plants, which means they produce biochemicals that can hinder the growth of another plant. Beans do not do well with members of the onion family, such as onion, leek, chives and garlic. Beans and carrots complement each other, giving each other nutrients that encourage growth.

Can you plant tomatoes and jalapenos together? ›

Tomato Gardening : How to Plant Tomatoes Next to Jalapenos

What can you not plant with tomatoes and peppers? ›

Eggplant, peppers, potatoes, and other nightshades.

Tomatoes are a member of the nightshade family, which means you shouldn't plant them with other nightshades like eggplants, peppers, or potatoes. This is because nightshades can share the same bacterial and fungal diseases.

What should not be planted next to tomatoes? ›

What should not be planted with tomatoes?
  • Brassicas (including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and brussel sprouts) - inhibit tomato growth.
  • Potatoes - along with tomatoes are also in the nightshade family so they will be competing for the same nutrients and will also be susceptible to the same diseases.
1 Jul 2022

Can basil and peppers be planted together? ›

5. Peppers. Basil is doubly effective for peppers, both repelling garden pests and providing dense ground cover. Peppers prefer humidity, and basil works to trap heat and moisture.

Can peppers and cucumbers be planted together? ›

Peppers and cucumbers can grow well together. The two plants enjoy similar growing conditions and as cucumber is a vining plant and pepper a bush plant, they shouldn't compete for space. Once you know how to grow bell peppers, try growing your cucumbers vertically up a trellis and place the peppers in front.

Can Bush beans and peppers be planted together? ›

Peppers: Experts disagree on whether peppers and beans can coexist. They both can benefit the soil. However, sometimes the bean vines can spread too aggressively among the pepper plants and choke them.

Can you plant cilantro with peppers? ›

Coriander and Cilantro: These herbs are great to grow next to Pepper plants, cilantro attracts beneficial insects to gardens while simultaneously it discourages pests such as aphids. Planting cilantro in the shade of pepper plants helps cilantro grow into a lush and bushy plant.

Why should you not plant cucumbers near tomatoes? ›

Cucumbers' and Tomatoes' Shared Diseases

When growing these two crops together, you must consider the potential for disease. While cucumber mosaic virus does affect both tomatoes and cucumbers, the disease is not limited to these two crops — it affects more than 40 families of plants.

Can you plant peppers and zucchini together? ›

Can peppers and zucchini be planted together? Zucchini can offer some shade and ground cover for peppers and the two crops grow well together. Peppers do not add any specific benefit for zucchini, but you can grow both together and have a good crop of both.

Can you plant onions with peppers? ›

Onions. Onions don't take up a lot of room above the ground, and are said to deter many common insect pests in the garden, such as aphids, slugs, and cabbage worms, making them a good companion plant for peppers.

What to plant with cucumbers to keep bugs away? ›

Grow radish, nasturtium, and tansy to repel cucumber beetles. Nasturtium can also be grown as a trap crop for squash bugs. Companion plant with buckwheat or cowpeas to attract predators of cucumber beetles such as tachinid and syrphid flies, parasitic wasps, and Pennsylvania leatherwing.

What vegetables can be planted together chart? ›

Companion Planting Chart
Type of VegetableFriends
CabbageBeets, celery, chard, lettuce, spinach, onions
CarrotsBeans, lettuce, onions, peas, peppers, tomatoes
CornClimbing beans, cucumber, marjoram, peas, pumpkins, squash, sunflowers, zucchini
OnionsCabbage, carrots, chard, lettuce, peppers, tomatoes
12 more rows

Can bell peppers and hot peppers be planted together? ›

Yes, you can grow sweet peppers and chili peppers side by side. You often hear the tip that it's important not to grow hot peppers (chili peppers) and sweet peppers (bell peppers) in the same vegetable bed.

Can you plant peppers in the same place every year? ›

So, don't plant peppers or any of their solanaceous relatives--tomatoes, eggplant, or potatoes--in the same spot this year. From painful experience, I've learned a 3-4 year rotation is best, especially for gardeners who want to maximize production from a small growing area.

Can I plant jalapenos next to bell peppers? ›

You can plant bell peppers and jalapeños next to each other, but cover the blossoms with fine mesh bags if you intend to save the seeds. Peppers readily cross-pollinate and may produce hybrid seeds.

Videos

1. 11 Best Strawberry Compamion Plants (And Plants To Avoid)
(Sprouted Seeds)
2. Make Peppers Grow Faster! (Improve Growth & Ripening Rates) - Pepper Geek
(Pepper Geek)
3. COMPANION PLANTING, INTERCROPPING, & INTERPLANTING - Maximizing Space In The Market Garden
(Growing Food & Feeding People @ Simplistic Farms)
4. Peas Companion Planting
(M K)
5. Pepper Growing Tips - Complete Gardening Guide on How to Grow Peppers // Grow More Peppers per Plant
(Next Level Gardening)
6. Grow Perfect Peppers Every Time! 🌶🌶🌶
(GrowVeg)

Top Articles

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Twana Towne Ret

Last Updated: 11/27/2022

Views: 5713

Rating: 4.3 / 5 (44 voted)

Reviews: 83% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Twana Towne Ret

Birthday: 1994-03-19

Address: Apt. 990 97439 Corwin Motorway, Port Eliseoburgh, NM 99144-2618

Phone: +5958753152963

Job: National Specialist

Hobby: Kayaking, Photography, Skydiving, Embroidery, Leather crafting, Orienteering, Cooking

Introduction: My name is Twana Towne Ret, I am a famous, talented, joyous, perfect, powerful, inquisitive, lovely person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.