THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION. INTRODUCTION:- Communication refers to the reciprocal exchange of information, ideas, beliefs, attitudes between persons or. - ppt download (2023)

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1 THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION

2 INTRODUCTION:- Communication refers to the reciprocal exchange of information, ideas, beliefs, attitudes between persons or among group of persons. It is goal directed process In nursing it used in nursing process. Communication refers to the reciprocal exchange of information, ideas, beliefs, attitudes between persons or among group of persons. It is goal directed process In nursing it used in nursing process. www.bijusoman.biz.ly

3 DEFINITION OF COMMUNICATION:- “ Communication is process by which information is exchange between individual through common system of sign, symbol or behavior.” “ Communication is process by which information is exchange between individual through common system of sign, symbol or behavior.”…Webster www.bijusoman.biz.ly

4 COMMUNICATION PROCESS; Receiver Decoder Sender Encoder Message Feedback Two-way process TYPES COMMUNICATION:- 1.Verbal communication 2.Non-verbal communication www.bijusoman.biz.ly

5 DEFINITION OF THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION “In therapeutic communication the nurse directs the communications towards the patient to identify his current health problem, plan, implement & evaluation the action taken.” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

6 GOAL OF THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION:  Establish a therapeutic nurse-patient relationship.  Identify the most important patient’s needs.  Assess the patient’s perception of the problem.  Facilitate the patient’s expression of emotions  Implement interventions designed to address the patient’s needs www.bijusoman.biz.ly

7 PRINCIPLES OR CHARACTERISTICS OF THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION: The patient should be the primary focus of interaction. The patient should be the primary focus of interaction. A professional attitude sets the tone of the therapeutic relationship. A professional attitude sets the tone of the therapeutic relationship. Use self-disclosure cautiously & only when it has a therapeutic purpose. Use self-disclosure cautiously & only when it has a therapeutic purpose. Avoid social relationship with patients Avoid social relationship with patients Maintain patient confidentiality. Maintain patient confidentiality. www.bijusoman.biz.ly

8 Count… Assess the patient’s intellectual competence to determine the level of understanding Assess the patient’s intellectual competence to determine the level of understanding Implement interventions from a theoretic base. Implement interventions from a theoretic base. Maintain a non-judgmental attitude. Avoid making judgment about patient’s behavior. Maintain a non-judgmental attitude. Avoid making judgment about patient’s behavior. Avoid giving advice Avoid giving advice Guide the patient to interpret his or her experiences rationally. Guide the patient to interpret his or her experiences rationally. www.bijusoman.biz.ly

9 THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES www.bijusoman.biz.ly

10 THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES 1. Listening 2. Broad opening 3. Restating 4. Clarification 5. Reflection 6. Humor 7. Information 8. Focusing 9. Sharing perceptions 10. Theme identification 11. Silence 12. Suggesting www.bijusoman.biz.ly

11 1.listening: It is an active process of receiving information It is an active process of receiving information Response on the part of the nurse such as maintaining eye-to-eye contact, nodding, gesturing & other form of receptive non- verbal communication convey to the patient that he is being listened to & understood. Response on the part of the nurse such as maintaining eye-to-eye contact, nodding, gesturing & other form of receptive non- verbal communication convey to the patient that he is being listened to & understood. www.bijusoman.biz.ly

12 2. Broad openings: Encouraging the patient to select topics for discussion. Encouraging the patient to select topics for discussion. eg; “What are you thinking about?” eg; “What are you thinking about?” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

13 3.Restating: Repeating the main thought expressed by the patient. Repeating the main thought expressed by the patient. Eg; “You say that your mother left you when you were five years old.” Eg; “You say that your mother left you when you were five years old.” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

14 4.Clarification: Attempting to put vague ideas or nuclear thoughts of the patient into words to enhance the nurse’s understanding or asking the patient to explain what he means. Attempting to put vague ideas or nuclear thoughts of the patient into words to enhance the nurse’s understanding or asking the patient to explain what he means. Eg; “I am not sure that what you mean. Eg; “I am not sure that what you mean. could you tell me about that again?” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

15 5.Reflection: Directing back the patient’s ideas, feelings, questions & content. Directing back the patient’s ideas, feelings, questions & content. Eg; “You are feelings tense & anxious & it is related to a conversation you had with your husband last night. Eg; “You are feelings tense & anxious & it is related to a conversation you had with your husband last night. www.bijusoman.biz.ly

16 6.Humor: The discharge of energy through comic enjoyment of the imperfect. The discharge of energy through comic enjoyment of the imperfect. Eg; “That gives a whole new meaning to the word ‘nervous’, said with shared kidding between the nurse & the patient. Eg; “That gives a whole new meaning to the word ‘nervous’, said with shared kidding between the nurse & the patient. www.bijusoman.biz.ly

17 7.Information: The skill of information giving. The skill of information giving. Eg; “I think you need to know more about your medications.” Eg; “I think you need to know more about your medications.” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

18 8.Focusing: Questions or statements that help the patient expand on a topic of importance. Questions or statements that help the patient expand on a topic of importance. Eg; “I think that we should talk more about your relationship with your father.” Eg; “I think that we should talk more about your relationship with your father.” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

19 9.Sharing perceptions: Asking the patient to verify the nurse’s understanding of what the patient is thinking or feeling. Asking the patient to verify the nurse’s understanding of what the patient is thinking or feeling. Eg; “You are smiling, but I sense that you are really very angry with me.” Eg; “You are smiling, but I sense that you are really very angry with me.” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

20 10.Theme identification: This involving identification of underlying issues or problems experienced by the patient that emerge repeatedly during the course of the nurse-patient relationship. This involving identification of underlying issues or problems experienced by the patient that emerge repeatedly during the course of the nurse-patient relationship. Eg; “I noticed that you said you have been hurt or rejected by man. Do you think this is an underlying issue?” Eg; “I noticed that you said you have been hurt or rejected by man. Do you think this is an underlying issue?” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

21 11.Silence: Lack of verbal communication for a therapeutic reason. Lack of verbal communication for a therapeutic reason. Eg; sitting with a patient & non- verbally communicating interest & involvement. Eg; sitting with a patient & non- verbally communicating interest & involvement. www.bijusoman.biz.ly

22 12.Suggesting: Presentation of alternative ideas for the patient’s consideration relative to problem solving. Presentation of alternative ideas for the patient’s consideration relative to problem solving. Eg; “Have you thought about responding to your boss in a different way when he raises that issue with you? You could ask him if a specific problem has occurred.” Eg; “Have you thought about responding to your boss in a different way when he raises that issue with you? You could ask him if a specific problem has occurred.” www.bijusoman.biz.ly

23 NON-THERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUES Reassuring Reassuring Rejecting Rejecting Giving approval Giving approval Advising Advising Defending Defending Requesting Requesting Belittling the feeling of the patient. Belittling the feeling of the patient. These non-therapeutic techniques should be avoided. www.bijusoman.biz.ly

24 Communication failures:- Failure to perceive the patient as human being Failure to perceive the patient as human being Failure to recognize the level of meaning in communication Failure to recognize the level of meaning in communication Failure to listen Failure to listen Failure to interpret with knowledge Failure to interpret with knowledge Use of close ended question only Use of close ended question only Conflicting verbal) non verbal Conflicting verbal) non verbal Giving false reassurance Giving false reassurance Changing subject if not comfortable Changing subject if not comfortable www.bijusoman.biz.ly

25 Thank you www.bijusoman.biz.ly

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